How Do You Make a Parenting Plan?

Making a parenting plan while getting divorced can reduce disruption to your child’s life. Learn how to make an effective parenting plan with these five steps.

What is a parenting plan?

A parenting plan is a way of organising care for your child when you live separately from the other parent.

You can use a parenting plan to set out in writing how you agree to bring up your child, from how you’ll share childcare duties, to whether you can take them on holiday.

Here’s how to make a parenting plan in five steps.

Step 1: Consider what’s best for your children

Going through a divorce is stressful for everyone involved, but it can be particularly difficult for children. So, your parenting plan should be made with your child’s best interests in mind.

Avoid letting any hard feelings you may have towards your ex-partner get in the way of doing what’s right for your child.

What counts as a child’s best interests will include their basic physical needs as well as more complex emotional ones.

Some things you will need to consider include:

  • Where your child will live when they stay with you or your co-parent

  • How far your child will be from their school, friends, and hobbies

  • How you will fit childcare around your work schedule

  • Which parent your child is closest to emotionally

Every family is different and there may be things you need to consider in your parenting plan that are specific to your situation.

Fore example, if your child needs frequent hospital treatment you and your ex-partner will both need easy access to medical services for when they’re staying with you.

Step 2: Decide on a parenting schedule

Your parenting schedule will set out the daily routine of how you and your ex-partner will share the practical parenting responsibilities for your child.

While your child’s best interests always come first when you're deciding on a parenting schedule, you need to put in place a schedule that you and your co-parent can both stick to.

There are no hard and fast rules about what your parenting schedule should look like and it may make sense to change it over time.

If you have young children, consider sharing parenting responsibilities with your ex-partner equally – younger children usually benefit from having close contact with both their parents. When they grow older, you could decide to look after your children most of the time and have your co-parent look after them at weekends.

CAFCASS’s Co-Parenting Hub can you help you to decide on a parenting schedule that works for you.

Step 3: Open channels of communication to reach decisions

A successful parenting plan requires regular cooperation with your co-parent. While your parenting schedule sets out who’s primarily responsible for your child on a day-to-day basis, major moments in your child’s life will come up that require you to reach a decision together.

Some of these major life decisions include:

  • Where your child will go to school

  • Taking your child on holiday

  • Taking your child to live abroad

You don’t have to be great friends with your ex-partner, but you will need to consult each other before making any major decisions about your child’s life. Agree on a way you can talk together to reach an agreement. This can be through phone calls, emails or in person.

Bear in mind that there may be emergencies that require a quick response, such as if your child gets injured. Be prepared by making sure that you and your ex-partner are always able to reach each other.

Step 4: Work out how you will share expenses

As parents, you both have ‘parental responsibility’. This means that you’re both responsible for financing your child’s essential living costs. However, you may need to give your ex-partner regular payments to help them cover the costs of looking after your child – this is known as ‘child maintenance’.

Typically, child maintenance is paid to the parent with a lower income.

You can set out in your parenting plan who child maintenance should be paid to and how much it should be.

Find out more in our guide: How much child maintenance should I pay?

Step 5: Stick to your plan

Once you have your parenting plan set in place, it’s important that you stick to what you agreed.

While divorce is never easy for children, maintaining a parent plan will give your child a secure and familiar relationship with both you and your ex-partner.

If you need help drawing up a parenting plan, a solicitor can help you.

The Law Superstore connects you with family solicitors across England and Wales.